Editor in Chief Dr KK Aggarwal, Padma Shri Awardee                                                                              Dated:5th August,2019

PAHO recommends implementation of Maternity Protection Laws to protect breastfeeding mothers in the workplace
(PAHO/WHO): Working mothers should have 18-weeks of maternity leave on full pay, as well as two, 30-minute breastfeeding breaks per day, as per recommendations from the ILO. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recommends that countries in Latin America and the Caribbean implement laws to ensure that working women are given the time and support they need to breastfeed. This includes adequate paid maternity leave and sufficient breastfeeding breaks upon return to work.

The call comes on the occasion of International Breastfeeding Week, commemorated each year on 1-7 August. PAHO’s theme this year is “Protect breastfeeding in the workplace”, which aims to raise awareness of the need to support parents and create an enabling environment where mothers can breastfeed optimally.

If Ayush doctors join mainstream practice, who will benefit?
The Rajya Sabha passed the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill on Thursday, with two new amendments. The Bill will be sent back to the Lok Sabha again before the president gives his assent by signing the Bill into a law.

Under the National Medical Commission, there will be 25% public health experts, including all Ayush practitioners who can do limited practice of modern medicine.

This will be done under Section 32 of the Bill, which provides limited license to unqualified non-medical persons. They have been termed “Community Health Providers”.

“…The Community Health Provider may prescribe specified medicine independently, only in primary and preventive healthcare, but in cases other than primary and preventive healthcare, he may prescribe medicine only under the supervision of medical practitioners registered under sub-section (I) of section 32…” This provision allows them to independently practice modern medicine. Once given free hand, it may well prove to be a formidable task for the government to check them.....read more

Frailty may not necessarily be synonymous with aging
Frailty is generally assumed to be a natural corollary to aging. But, a new Australian study suggests that frailty is not just an inevitable part of aging, but may be a medical condition. It says that “although not necessarily synonymous with aging, frailty is highly prevalent among older people”.

The systematic review and meta-analysis published August 2, 2019 in JAMA Network Open concluded that community-living older adults, especially women, are prone to developing frailty and prefrailty.

Data from more than 120?000 older adults from 28 countries was analysed. The incidence of frailty and prefrailty was estimated at 43.4 and 150.6 new cases per 1000 person-years, respectively......read more

Mindful meditation
  Sit on a straight–backed chair or cross–legged on the floor.

  Focus on an aspect of your breathing, such as the sensation of air flowing into your nostrils and out of your mouth, or your belly rising and falling as you inhale and exhale......read more

Healthcare News Monitor

IP fest focusses on pharma, start-ups
The Times of India

Ahmedabad: The third edition of Intellectual Property (IP) Fest 2019, jointly organized by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and IP Promotion Outreach Foundation (IPPO) in Ahmedabad, pushed for greater awareness and engagement towards IP rights in pharma, start-ups and entertainment sector. Speaking about the increasing push for IP Rights (IPR) in India, Sunil Parekh, co-chair, FICCI – Gujarat state council, said, “The national IPR Policy 2016 was a landmark document and it transformed the IP scenario in India. IP helps the industry to a great extent. In fact, foreign direct investments (FDI) come into India when companies are comfortable that their IP is safe.” “Last year, the IP regime witnessed several reforms with Indian courts delivering landmark judgements. In fact, pendency of cases in IP protection have also reduced from one year to a few months. Moreover, in 2018-19, the patent applications examination went up by 42% whereas online filing of patents too went up by 90% in India,” he added. State education minister, Bhupendrasinh Chudasama, who was the chief guest at the inaugural session also emphasized on increased awareness about IP rights, in the context of innovation. “IP is prevalent across all sectors and it promotes and protects the rights of the innovators and creators. In Gujarat, where we have a innovations in agriculture and health sector are taking shape, IP holds key importance,” he said.

Doctor, nurses harassed at Habra hospital
The Times of India

KOLKATA: Police on Thursday arrested three persons for harassing a doctor and nurses in Habra state general hospital. The three, including the patient's son and kin, were protesting the death of a 56-year-old, who was being treated in the hospital since Tuesday. According to cops, Laxmi Raha, a resident of Habra's Banipur, was admitted to the hospital on Tuesday with complaints of multiple ailments. He was suffering from chronic lung ailment and high fever. Doctors had even recommended a complete dengue test of the victim, the reports of which are still awaited. Cops said Raha's condition started deteriorating late on Wednesday and he suffered a heart attack. After this, Raha's son Mithun, accompanied by several others, barged into the hospital and shoved and pushed the doctor and nurses. Later, cops reached the spot and arrested three people.

West Bengal: Father alleges baby’s thumb snipped; hospital seeks report
The Indian Express-PTI

Father of a two-month-old baby has alleged that the tip of the infant’s thumb had been snipped by a junior doctor during a medical procedure, following which the hospital superintendent sought a report from the facility’s pediatrics department. Situ Sheikh, a resident of Simulia village in Purba Bardhaman district, on Thursday had lodged a written complaint to this effect with the Superintendent of Burdwan Medical College and Hospital (BMCH), Prabir Sengupta. The baby had been admitted to the BMCH with loose motion on Sunday. In his complaint, Situ Sheikh said that when a junior doctor was asked to make the saline channel on Tuesday, he snipped the tip of the baby’s right hand thumb with half of the nail, while cutting the bandage with a scissor.

Mumbai: 7 ventilators at Nair Hospital non-functional
Daily News & Analysis

Seven ventilators in one of the three major civic-run hospitals — BYL Nair Hospital are not working for six months. According to the medical authority, they have started a process to solve the technical glitches related to non-functioning of the ventilators. A recent Right To Information (RTI) filed by the RTI activist Chetan Kothari revealed the number of ventilators not working in the BYL Nair Hospital. Out of the seven non-functional ventilators, five of the ventilators are located in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) ward of the hospital. The RTI reply states that out of the seven ventilators, in five ventilators, O2 sensors are not working. While in others, compressors are not working. RTI activist, Chetan Kothari, said, "Nair Hospital is one of the major civic-run hospitals in the city. Civic hospitals have a lot of queue and patients waiting to get a bed with ventilator support. Even if the number of the nonfunctional ventilator is a handful, it is still a major concern looking at how relatives run from pillar to post to get beds with a ventilator support system to save their patients' lives."