Editor in Chief Dr KK Aggarwal, Padma Shri Awardee                                                                               Dated:17 November,2019

FDA approves first contact lens indicated to slow myopia progression in children

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the first contact lens indicated to slow the progression of myopia (nearsightedness) in children between the ages of 8 and 12 years old at the initiation of treatment. The MiSight contact lens is a single use, disposable, soft contact lens that is discarded at the end of each day, and is not intended to be worn overnight.

Air Pollution in Delhi and Harm Reduction: Even PM 2.5 reduction by 10 will help

Studies have consistently shown an association between elevated ambient levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and increased mortality.

In a longitudinal study of the population of six United States cities followed for 14 to 16 years (mid-1970s through 1990), increased air pollution was associated with increased mortality; this increased mortality was most closely associated with the increase in fine particulate pollution [N Engl J Med. 1993;329(24):1753.]

A dose response was observed, with an increased mortality rate of 13 percent for every 10 mcg/m3 rise in PM2.5.

With extended follow-up in the same cities, there were improvements in air quality with a decrease in PM2.5; this decrease was associated with improvements in mortality risk [Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006;173(6):667]. ....read more

Mild side effects with single antidepressant dose of IV ketamine
(Excerpts from NIH, Nov. 15, 2019): National Institutes of Health researchers found that a single, low-dose ketamine infusion was relatively free of side effects for patients with treatment-resistant depression. Elia Acevedo-Diaz, M.D., Carlos Zarate, M.D., and colleagues at the NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) report their findings in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

The researchers compiled data on side effects from 163 patients with major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder and 25 healthy controls who participated in one of five placebo-controlled clinical trials conducted at the NIH Clinical Center over 13 years. ....read more

Why do we burn camphor in any pooja?

No aarti is performed without camphor. Camphor burns itself out completely, when lit, without leaving a trace. Camphor represents our inherent tendencies or vasanas. When lit by the fire of knowledge about the self, the vasanas burn themselves out completely, not leaving a trace of ego. Ego is responsible for a sense of individuality that keeps us separate from the Lord or consciousness. In addition, camphor when burns, emits a pleasant perfume. This signifies that as we burn our ego, we can only spread love and nothing else.

Healthcare News Monitor

Will push Bill seeking upto 10 yrs' jail for assault on doctors in winter session: Health Ministry
ET Healthworld-PTI

New Delhi: The Union Health Ministry will push for a key legislation, that seeks to punish people who assault on-duty doctors and other healthcare professionals by imposing a jail term of up to 10 years, in the upcoming winter session of Parliament, officials said. The Health Ministry has asked all other ministries involved in the inter-ministerial consultations over The Health Services Personnel and Clinical Establishments (Prohibition of Violence and Damage to Property) Bill, 2019 to send their comments at the earliest so that the draft law can be finalised and placed before the Cabinet next week. The draft legislation has proposed imprisonment between three and ten years and imposition of fines between Rs 2 to Rs 10 lakh for those "grievously hurting" doctors and other healthcare professionals in clinical establishments. Those commissioning violence or causing damage to the property of a healthcare facility can be imprisoned for six months to five years and fined between Rs 50,000 and Rs five lakh. The draft bill also provisions for compensation which could be twice the market value of a property damaged and Rs 1 lakh to Rs 5 lakh for being assaulted or hurt, sources said. In case of non-payment of compensation by a convict, the amount may be recovered as arrears of land revenue under the Revenue Recovery Act, 1890, the sources said

Unchecked use of antibiotics poses significant threat to freshwater ecosystem
The Hans India

Residues from billions of doses of antibiotics, painkillers and antidepressants pose a significant risk to freshwater ecosystems and the global food chain, a new analysis said Thursday. There are growing fears that the unchecked use of antibiotics in both medicine and agriculture will have adverse effects on the environment and on human health. When animals and humans ingest medicines, up to 90 per cent of active ingredients are excreted back into the environment. Many medicines are simply discarded -- in the United States alone an estimated one-third of the four billion drugs prescribed each year end up as waste. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) compared data on concentrations of pharmaceutical residue in water samples worldwide as well as prescribing trends and water purification regulations in various countries.