Editor in Chief Dr KK Aggarwal, Padma Shri Awardee                                                                               Dated:18 December,2019

Hetero launches combination drug for HIV under brand name Taffic

The company's product is a generic version of Gilead's Biktarvy and has been approved by the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI).

New Delhi: Drug firm Hetero on Tuesday launched an antiretroviral combination drug, used to treat human immunodeficiency virus type (HIV-1), in the country. The Hyderabad-based company has introduced the 3-in-1 drug under the brand name 'Taffic' in India.

The company's product is a generic version of Gilead's Biktarvy and has been approved by the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI). ....read more

Duke Doctors Successfully Transplant Heart after Cardiac Death

A potential organ donor is typically a mechanically ventilated patient in an ICU with brain death (donation after brain death or DBD) or cardiac death (donation after cardiac death or DCD). Nearly all heart donations are DBD and there has been very limited experience with DCD.

Duke University Hospital in Durham, North Carolina team has recently transplanted heart using donation after cardiac death (DCD).

The team used the TransMedics Organ Care System (OCS) to perfuse the heart, which had stopped beating, with warm blood after it had been procured. The heart then remained on the OCS until it was transplanted into the recipient. ....read more

Why are most temples located in faraway places?

Most temples represent God or the spirit or the deity located in the temple or mandir situated in an area at the outskirts of the city. A spiritual atmosphere is one that is devoid of pollution and which promotes rajasik or tamasik behavior. The silence of the spiritual atmosphere reduces the internal noise and helps us onward in our inner journey. The inner journey of being in touch with one’s consciousness requires detachment from worldly pleasures and the withdrawal of the five senses of the body. ....read more

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Scientists compare human brain neurons with crabs to validate RNA sequencing
ET Healthworld – ANI

While we can count on crab as one of the tastiest delicacies of the seafood, its nervous system could help scientists learn what causes single neurons in the human brain to become out of whack, says a recent study. This can contribute to the development of neurological diseases like Alzheimer's disease, adds the study, which was published in the journal -Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Researchers worked to validate a popular research method called RNA sequencing used to identify unknown neurons in the brain and sort them into various subtypes. Neurons are a basic element of all animal nervous systems, allowing scientists to draw comparisons in animal models like crabs when studying the human nervous system. According to David Schulz, a professor of biological sciences at the College of Arts and Science, "There are billions of neurons in the human brain, yet we still don't know how many distinct types there are. We are finally at a technological point where we can ask the incredibly complex question -- what are the brain's building blocks?" Prof Schulz believes the answer to that question will drive everything "we know about diseases in the brain for the next 50 to 100 years."

Simple tool shows life expectancy after dementia diagnosis : Study
ET Healthworld

Karolinska Institutet, Tuesday, 17 Dec : Researchers at Karolinska Institutet and from the Netherlands have developed a simple tool that shows the survival probability of a person with dementia disease over three years. This, they hope, will facilitate dialogue with the most seriously affected and help doctors and others plan the necessary care. The study is published today in the scientific journal Neurology. Dementia diseases are currently incurable. There are, however, many kinds of dementia, which develop differently from person to person. Some people can live for many years with their disease, while others have a disease that progresses more aggressively. This means that doctors need a simple tool to indicate the severity of the disease at the point of diagnosis. This can help in planning care and help these patients understand how their disease is likely to develop. For their study, the researchers monitored patients over the age of 65 who were diagnosed with dementia and registered in the Swedish Dementia Registry between 2007 and 2015. The study included over 50,000 individuals, who were monitored via various health-data registries up to 2016, by which time 20,000 of them had died, on average after a median time of 4.8 years after diagnosis. The researchers examined the effect on post-diagnosis life-expectancy of a number of easily identifiable factors, producing two clear, schematic tables.

Kolhapur: 5 children suffer convulsions after repeat dose of antibiotics
ET Healthworld- TNN

Five children, aged between 4 and 10 years, suffered convulsions after they were administered repeat doses of antibiotics. The children are from the anganwadi, primary and secondary schools of the Gadhinglaj and Ajara talukas. A few days ago, the children were detected with urinary system-related diseases. They were then taken at the sub-district hospital at Gadhinglaj. The surgeries and other requisite medical processes were carried out on these children and they were kept under observation. The surgeries were performed between December 13 and December 15. According to health officials, the children were given repeated doses of antibiotics. This led to the development of convulsions in them. During a convulsion, a patient loses consciousness and the muscles get relaxed. It is the first stage of seizure, in which the rapid movement with loss of consciousness is observed. Family members got worried after the children developed convulsions.

New autism guidelines aim to help diagnose at-risk children
ET Healthworld- Reuters

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on Monday issued its first new autism treatment guidelines in 12 years aimed at helping doctors identify at-risk children and getting them the care they need as early as possible. Since developmental delays are often present in very young children with autism, the report, published in the journal Pediatrics, urges doctors to check for issues during all well-baby visits and refer children for treatment at the first sign of an issue, rather than wait for a formal autism evaluation. According to the World Health Organization, one in 160 children has autism, a spectrum of disorders marked by deficits in social communication and interaction and repetitive behaviours of varying severity. “The benefit of identifying children as early as possible is they can then be referred for treatment,” Dr Susan Levy, a developmental and behavioural paediatrician at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and coauthor of the report, said. Early treatment, and particularly behavioural interventions, do make a difference, Levy said. Since 2007, when AAP published its last two guidance documents, the number of children in the US diagnosed with autism has risen sharply. Autism now affects 1in 59 children in the US, up from 1in 155 in 2007. In that time, scientists have developed a better understanding of the potential risk factors and genes that contribute to autism, the related medical and behavioural conditions that commonly occur in children with the condition, and have detailed evidence on which interventions work best.